Sponson and Other Misunderstood Nautical Terms

There are many terms in boating that are not universally understood. Almost everyone knows what the bow and transom are on a boat. Most know that port is the left side of the boat when facing forward and starboard is the right side when facing forward. So why not just use left and right? The terms port and starboard reduce ambiguities when communicating with people facing different directions on a boat. In this article, some of the more obscure or abstruse terms will be explained.
  • Fishing on the Boston Whaler 170 Montauk

    Sponson

    Officially, a sponson is a feature on any watercraft that extends from the hull or other part of the vessel to aid in stability while floating, or to act as a securing point for other equipment. Picture a seaplane’s pods that extend out from the fuselage or under the plane’s underside, these are sponsons. Sponsons on boats and ships can be similar; however, they are frequently used to explain hull extensions. Sponsons add stability when underway or at rest, and make turns sharper as they dig in on the inside of the turn.
  • Profile view of Benetti Classic Supreme 132 yacht

    Yacht

    The meaning of the term yacht is highly debated. Some think it is a boat of over 40 feet. In general, a yacht has to have three features to qualify for the designation: a place to sleep, a galley, and a head. MarineMax has higher standards to be featured on the MarineMax Yachts website. For MarineMax, a new or used boat must be a minimum of 50 feet in length overall (LOA) and possess luxury attributes that make life onboard exceptionally comfortable and home-like. 
  • bow of boat

    Gunwale

    Pronounced “gunnel” the gunwale is the upper most edge of the boat's hull. It is often the point that people board the boat before stepping into the cockpit and will typically have a non-skid surface. From the waterline to the gunwale is referred to as the “freeboard” of a boat's hull.
  • family on speedboat having exhilarating fun racing across water

    Deadrise

    The deadrise of a boat defines the vertical transition of the hull from the keel to the hull sides. Often the bow has a sharp entry to slice into chop and gradually becomes less sharp as the hull transitions to the stern. Deadrise is measured throughout the length of the hull. However, manufacturers often refer to the deadrise at the transom to let potential customers understand what to expect from the boat's performance. 20 degrees or more of deadrise at the transom usually defines a high-performance hull with a soft ride. The trade off is an aggressive deadrise makes a deeper hull, which will not be capable of shallow water passages.
  • Couple and dog on Boston Whaler 170 Dauntless

    Deep-V Hull

    High performance Deep-V hulls were first introduced by Raymond Hunt in the late 50's. Typically deep-V hulls have an aggressive bow entry of 40 degrees or more and a deadrise at the transom of 20 degrees or more. In 1959, Dick Bertram built a wooden model of a Hunt design with a 24-degree deadrise at the transom to be used as a plug for the now famous Bertram Mopie 31. Bertram went racing with the wooden model, where it outperformed the world's top offshore raceboats in the grueling 1960 Miami-Nassau Race. Fiberglass models were made into the 80’s and are still in demand today.
  • Classes Photo

    Wheelhouse

    The wheelhouse of a boat is literally the sheltered area where steering wheel is located, either at the inside helm station or the bridge of the boat. Wheelhouse has become an expression meaning within a person's general knowledge and that person is advantageously at ease. As in “… as the questions become less hypothetical and more about simple math he should be in his wheelhouse.” 
People on board a boat running on choppy waters

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